How to trade the Harami candlestick pattern?

bearish reversal
bullish harami

The MACD and RSI are the most valuable technical indicators that can help you in this situation. The bullish harami doesn’t have much to reverse, does it? The tall black candle speaks of a continued downward price trend but the next day, a white candle appears.

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There should not be much followthrough in the direction of the first candlestick. If the market pushes decisively beyond the first candlestick of the Harami, skip it. The more price movement in the second candle, the stronger your signal will be.

Harami Candlestick | Available in Two Sizes

On the appearance of the harami pattern, a trend reversal is possible. There are two types of harami patterns – the bullish harami and the bearish harami. Trading with the bullish and bearish harami candlesticks is relatively simple.

The bullish harami quoted may be before charges, which will reduce illustrated performance. That is why they are great for traders new to this and I highly recommend every trader be on the lookout for them on their chart scans. The above example is what you’d expect to see in most markets, but if you are trading forex, there is a slight difference. We are looking for two candlesticks, 1 large-bodied selling candle and 1 small-bodied buying candle. Now you know the theory of a harami formation, time to look at how to identify the formation.

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Investors seeing this bullish harami may be encouraged by this diagram, as it can signal a reversal in the market. Certain techniques can aid the harami cross pattern and hopefully reduce the risk-reward of the investment. Since the bullish harami is a trend reversal pattern, you want to confirm the reversal with another momentum indicator. The MACD and RSI are two of the most important momentum indicators that you can use when identifying the bullish harami pattern. The first candle is usually long, and the second candle has a small body. The second candle is generally opposite in colour to the first candle.

Step 1: Identify the Bullish Harami Pattern

Like other Japanese patterns can be bullish or bearish. The Harami Candlestick Pattern is considered a trend reversal pattern that can either be bullish or bearish, depending on the direction of the price action. A Japanese rice trader named Munehisa Homma developed candlestick charts in the 18th century. He noticed that although there was a correlation between supply and demand and the price of rice, traders’ emotions also had a great influence on markets. Using a variety of colors to visually represent price changes’ magnitude, he used candlesticks to reflect this emotion and investor sentiment. In terms of meaning, both patterns indicate that the price is about to reverse.

  • Moreover, the stop-loss could be placed at the 78.6% level and the take profit target at 50%, and 38.2%.
  • Click the “+” icon in the first column to view more data for the selected symbol.
  • The bullish harami doesn’t have much to reverse, does it?
  • You should have seen how the pattern forms, and you should now understand why this pattern forms.
  • This may prompt some traders or investors who are looking at this pattern as confirmation for entering long positions on an asset’s price to make their move now rather than later.

Usually, the second candlestick will be the opposite color of the first candlestick, but not always. The second candle must be contained within the first candle’s body . It can be either color, and it will have a smaller body. Only the body needs to be contained within the first candle; the wicks are irrelevant. There is a prevailing trend, whether it’s an uptrend or a downtrend.

Some benefits of the harami cross strategy include attractive entry levels for investments as the trends potentially reverse upwards. The movement is more straightforward to spot for beginner traders than many alternatives, providing a more attractive risk-reward ratio for many of its users. The chart below shows an example of a harami candlestick. It then formed a big bullish candle that was then followed by a small candlestick. Shortly afterwards, this was followed by a bearish trend. A harami cross is a candlestick pattern that consists of a large candlestick followed by a doji.

The next a white candle should be nestled within the body of the prior candle. The tops or bottoms of the bodies can be the same price, but not both. In Chart 2 above, a buy signal could be triggered when the day after the bullish Harami occurred, the price rose higher and closed above the downward resistance trendline. A bullish Harami pattern and a trendline break is a combination that could result in a buy signal.

Which candlestick pattern is most reliable?

The body of the white candle is inside the body of the black candle. A bearish pattern shows a potential future downward trend. It occurs after an upward trend with a long upward candle meaning the buyers are in control. The upward candle is then followed by a doji which, similarly to before, must be within the previous candle’s length.

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The Bearish Engulfing pattern is a two-candlestick pattern that consists of an up candlestick followed by a large down candlestick that surrounds or “engulfs” the… In a downtrend, it means that sellers have failed to close the second candlestick near the low of the previous candlestick. Another thing you can see is that the two candles have an upper and lower shadow. Additionally, the harami candles have a close resemblance to an engulfing candle. The only difference is that in an engulfing, the smaller candle is usually followed by the bigger candle.

The bullish harami is a powerful chart pattern that can signal the start of a trend in the opposite direction of its preceding trend. It’s a great way to confirm your bullish hunch, so keep an eye out for these patterns when you’re trading. In addition to being used as an indicator of market direction, traders also use this pattern to predict how long their position will last before they exit the trade.

Conditions for the Bullish Harami Candlestick Pattern:

The bullish harami indicator is charted as a long candlestick followed by a smaller body, referred to as a doji, that is completely contained within the vertical range of the previous body. To some, a line drawn around this pattern resembles a pregnant woman. The word harami comes from an old Japanese word meaning pregnant. A bullish harami is a basic candlestick chart pattern indicating that a bearish trend in an asset or market may be reversing. Since the bullish harami is a pattern that can be used to identify reversals in trends, you should confirm that the price has indeed reversed by observing other momentum indicators.

Second, you should then look closely at the movement of the candlesticks and identify when a large candlestick is followed by a small candle. For the pattern to happen, the smaller candle must be completely engulfed by a larger one. A doji is a trading session where a security’s open and close prices are virtually equal. It can be used by investors to identify price patterns.


Just like the normal Harami patterns, there are also two types of Harami cross patterns–Bullish and Bearish. There are two types of Harami candlestick patterns – the Bearish Harami pattern and the Bullish Harami pattern. On P1, the market trades higher and makes a new high and closes positively forming a blue candle day. The trading action reconfirms bulls dominance in the market. If both these conditions are satisfied, one can conclude that both P1 and P2 form a bullish harami pattern. The price action on P2 creates a small blue candle which appears contained within P1’s long red candle.

First, you need to identify an existing bullish or bearish trend. There is also the dark cloud cover and the piercing pattern. The dark cloud cover is simply another two candles bearish reversal pattern. However, in this instance the body of the first candle is long and is green in color. It may then be observed that the market opens by indicating an upward gap when compared to the closing of the previous day. Nevertheless, in order to be a dark cloud cover the observed fall should continue and furthermore prices should close at the end of the day below the middle of the preceding days body.

  • It occurs after an upward trend with a long upward candle meaning the buyers are in control.
  • The pattern consists of a long white candle followed by a small black candle.
  • And here is another example where a bullish harami occurred, but the stoploss on the trade triggered a loss.
  • IMO, It is not possible to track all stocks for all the different patterns.

Testimonials appearing on this website may not be representative of other clients or customers and is not a guarantee of future performance or success. Fibonacci shows retracement levels where the price will tend to revert frequently. Set your stop loss and take profit levels, and expect a move to the downside. It’s simple, the Bearish Harami pattern is traded when the low of the last candle is broken.

How to Trade the Harami Forex Pattern

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Here is a chart below where the encircled candles depict a bullish harami pattern, but it is not. The prior trend should be bearish, but in this case, the prior trend is almost flat, which prevents us from classifying this candlestick pattern as a bullish harami. The candles can be on any time frame, but most traders use them on daily or weekly charts. A bullish harami is a candlestick pattern that forms when a short-term downtrend reverses and the second day of the pattern is completely contained within the first day.


The three black crows is a 3-bar bearish reversal patternThe pattern consists of 3 bearish candles opening above the… An evening star pattern is a bearish 3-bar reversal candlestick patternIt starts with a tall green candle, then a… The default “Intraday” page shows patterns detected using delayed intraday data. It includes a column that indicates whether the same candle pattern is detected using weekly data. Candle patterns that appear on the Intradaay page and the Weekly page are stronger indicators of the candlestick pattern. Risk capital is money that can be lost without jeopardizing ones financial security or life style.

short position

In fact, the bestperformance 10 days after the breakout is a drop of 4.01% in a bear market. The drop ranks 50th out of 103 candle patterns, or about mid range. Today, traders mostly use candlestick charts to make informed trading decisions based on recurring patterns, which tend to forecast a market’s short-term direction. As you can see in the GBP/USD chart above, the first bearish candle has a longer body and appears at the bottom of a downtrend.

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